C# EF ExcelHelper 导入导出

using NPOI.HSSF.UserModel;
using NPOI.SS.UserModel;
using NPOI.XSSF.UserModel;
using System;
using System.Collections.Generic;
using System.ComponentModel;
using System.Data;
using System.Diagnostics;
using System.IO;
using System.Linq;
using System.Text;
using System.Threading.Tasks;

namespace YFAPICommon.Lib
{
    class ExcelHelper : IDisposable
    {
        private string fileName = null; //文件名
        private NPOI.SS.UserModel.IWorkbook workbook = null;
        private FileStream fs = null;
        private bool disposed;

        public ExcelHelper(string fileName)
        {
            this.fileName = fileName;
            disposed = false;
        }

        /// <summary>
        /// 将DataTable数据导入到excel中
        /// </summary>
        /// <param name="data">要导入的数据</param>
        /// <param name="isColumnWritten">DataTable的列名是否要导入</param>
        /// <param name="sheetName">要导入的excel的sheet的名称</param>
        /// <returns>导入数据行数(包含列名那一行)</returns>
        public int DataTableToExcel(DataTable data, string sheetName, bool isColumnWritten)
        {
            int i = 0;
            int j = 0;
            int count = 0;
            ISheet sheet = null;

            fs = new FileStream(fileName, FileMode.OpenOrCreate, FileAccess.ReadWrite);
            if (fileName.IndexOf(".xlsx") > 0) // 2007版本
                workbook = new XSSFWorkbook();
            else if (fileName.IndexOf(".xls") > 0) // 2003版本
                workbook = new HSSFWorkbook();

            try
            {
                if (workbook != null)
                {
                    sheet = workbook.CreateSheet(sheetName);
                }
                else
                {
                    return -1;
                }

                if (isColumnWritten == true) //写入DataTable的列名
                {
                    IRow row = sheet.CreateRow(0);
                    for (j = 0; j < data.Columns.Count; ++j)
                    {
                        row.CreateCell(j).SetCellValue(data.Columns[j].ColumnName);
                    }
                    count = 1;
                }
                else
                {
                    count = 0;
                }

                for (i = 0; i < data.Rows.Count; ++i)
                {
                    IRow row = sheet.CreateRow(count);
                    for (j = 0; j < data.Columns.Count; ++j)
                    {
                        row.CreateCell(j).SetCellValue(data.Rows[i][j].ToString());
                    }
                    ++count;
                }
                workbook.Write(fs); //写入到excel
                return count;
            }
            catch (Exception ex)
            {
                Console.WriteLine("Exception: " + ex.Message);
                return -1;
            }
        }

        /// <summary>
        /// 将List数据导入到excel中
        /// </summary>
        /// <param name="data">要导入的数据</param>
        /// <param name="sheetName">要导入的excel的sheet的名称</param>
        /// <returns>导入数据行数(包含列名那一行)</returns>
        public int ListToExcel<T>(List<T> data, string sheetName)
        {
            
            ISheet sheet = null;

            fs = new FileStream(fileName, FileMode.OpenOrCreate, FileAccess.ReadWrite);
            if (fileName.IndexOf(".xlsx") > 0) // 2007版本
                workbook = new XSSFWorkbook();
            else if (fileName.IndexOf(".xls") > 0) // 2003版本
                workbook = new HSSFWorkbook();

            try
            {
                if (workbook != null)
                {
                    sheet = workbook.CreateSheet(sheetName);
                }
                else
                {
                    return -1;
                }


                PropertyDescriptorCollection properties = TypeDescriptor.GetProperties(typeof(T));
                IRow row0 = sheet.CreateRow(0);
                for (int i = 0; i < properties.Count; i++)
                {
                    PropertyDescriptor property = properties[i];
                    Debug.WriteLine(property.Name);
                    row0.CreateCell(i).SetCellValue(property.Name);
                }

                int count = 1;
                object[] values = new object[properties.Count];
                foreach (T item in data)
                {
                    IRow row = sheet.CreateRow(count);
                    for (int j = 0; j < values.Length; j++)
                    {
                        object obj = properties[j].GetValue(item);
                        Debug.WriteLine(properties[j].GetValue(item));
                        row.CreateCell(j).SetCellValue(obj==null?"":obj.ToString());
                        
                    }
                    ++count;
                }
                workbook.Write(fs); //写入到excel
                return count;
            }
            catch (Exception ex)
            {
                Console.WriteLine("Exception: " + ex.Message);
                return -1;
            }
        }

        /// <summary>
        /// 将excel中的数据导入到DataTable中
        /// </summary>
        /// <param name="sheetName">excel工作薄sheet的名称</param>
        /// <param name="isFirstRowColumn">第一行是否是DataTable的列名</param>
        /// <returns>返回的DataTable</returns>
        public DataTable ExcelToDataTable(string sheetName, bool isFirstRowColumn)
        {
            ISheet sheet = null;
            DataTable data = new DataTable();
            int startRow = 0;
            try
            {
                fs = new FileStream(fileName, FileMode.Open, FileAccess.Read);
                if (fileName.IndexOf(".xlsx") > 0) // 2007版本
                    workbook = new XSSFWorkbook(fs);
                else if (fileName.IndexOf(".xls") > 0) // 2003版本
                    workbook = new HSSFWorkbook(fs);

                if (sheetName != null)
                {
                    sheet = workbook.GetSheet(sheetName);
                    if (sheet == null) //如果没有找到指定的sheetName对应的sheet,则尝试获取第一个sheet
                    {
                        sheet = workbook.GetSheetAt(0);
                    }
                }
                else
                {
                    sheet = workbook.GetSheetAt(0);
                }
                if (sheet != null)
                {
                    IRow firstRow = sheet.GetRow(0);
                    int cellCount = firstRow.LastCellNum; //一行最后一个cell的编号 即总的列数

                    if (isFirstRowColumn)
                    {
                        for (int i = firstRow.FirstCellNum; i < cellCount; ++i)
                        {
                            ICell cell = firstRow.GetCell(i);
                            if (cell != null)
                            {
                                string cellValue = cell.StringCellValue;
                                if (cellValue != null)
                                {
                                    DataColumn column = new DataColumn(cellValue);
                                    data.Columns.Add(column);
                                }
                            }
                        }
                        startRow = sheet.FirstRowNum + 1;
                    }
                    else
                    {
                        startRow = sheet.FirstRowNum;
                    }

                    //最后一列的标号
                    int rowCount = sheet.LastRowNum;
                    for (int i = startRow; i <= rowCount; ++i)
                    {
                        IRow row = sheet.GetRow(i);
                        if (row == null)
                            break;
                            //continue; //没有数据的行默认是null       

                        DataRow dataRow = data.NewRow();
                        for (int j = row.FirstCellNum; j < cellCount; ++j)
                        {
                            if (row.GetCell(j) != null) //同理,没有数据的单元格都默认是null
                                dataRow[j] = row.GetCell(j).ToString();
                        }
                        data.Rows.Add(dataRow);
                    }
                }

                return data;
            }
            catch (Exception ex)
            {
                Console.WriteLine("Exception: " + ex.Message);
                //System.Windows.Forms.MessageBox.Show(ex.Message);
                return null;
            }
        }

        internal void ListToExcel(List<object> list, string v)
        {
            throw new NotImplementedException();
        }

        public void Dispose()
        {
            Dispose(true);
            GC.SuppressFinalize(this);
        }

        protected virtual void Dispose(bool disposing)
        {
            if (!this.disposed)
            {
                if (disposing)
                {
                    if (fs != null)
                        fs.Close();
                }

                fs = null;
                disposed = true;
            }
        }
    }
}
//EF导出示例
                var query = from u in orderQuery
                            join pro in dbContext.Project on
                            u.projectNo equals pro.projectNo
                            join org in dbContext.Org on
                            u.orgNo equals org.orgNo into JoinedEmpDept
                            from dept in JoinedEmpDept.DefaultIfEmpty()
                            select new
                            {
                                学校名称= pro.projectName,
                                所属班级=dept.orgName,
                                费用类型=u.orderName,
                                学生姓名=u.userName,
                                身份证号=u.userNo,
                                手机号=u.userPhone,
                                订单编号=u.orderNo,
                                费用金额=u.orderAmount/100.0,
                                支付状态=u.payState==1?"已支付":"未支付",
                                支付时间=u.payTime,
                                银行流水号=u.ccbOrderId,
                                添加时间=u.createTime,
                                备注=u.remark                                
                            };
                string fileName = DateTime.Now.ToString("yyyyMMddHHmmss") + ".xlsx";
                string file = localPath + fileName;
                using (ExcelHelper excelHelper = new ExcelHelper(file))
                {
                    var list = query.OrderByDescending(u => u.添加时间).ToList();
                    excelHelper.ListToExcel(list,"费用");
                    return ReturnNode.ReturnSuccess(fileName);
                }
//导入示例
                string file = "C:\\Data\\模板.xlsx";
                using (ExcelHelper excelHelper = new ExcelHelper(file))
                {
                    DataTable dt = excelHelper.ExcelToDataTable("Sheet1", true);

                    int num = 0;
                    for (int i = 0; i < dt.Rows.Count; ++i)
                    {
                        DataRow row = dt.Rows[i];
                        string index = row[0].ToString();
                        string orgName = row[1].ToString();
                        string orgNo = row[2].ToString();
                        string orderName = row[3].ToString();
                        string orderAmount = row[4].ToString();
                        string userName = row[5].ToString();
                        string userNo = row[6].ToString();
                        string userPhone = row[7].ToString();
                        string remark = row[8].ToString();

                        
                        num++;
                    }
                }

 

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